Tag Archives: asylum

Nigerian drug gang arrested in Sicily asylum

Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini said in a radio interview on RTL that the government will close the Cara asylum seeker centre in Mineo, Sicily, by the end of this year. “The bigger the centres are, the easier it is for criminals to infiltrate,” Salvini said.

A gang of Nigerian drug dealers based at the Cara di Mineo (Catania) and practicing Mafia methods were dismantled thanks to law enforcement and the judiciary. “For my part, I repeat the commitment to empty it by the end of this year“, he added.

At Cara di Mineo asylum centre police arrested 19 false asylum seekers who belonged to the Nigerian drug mafia.

 

 

 

 

EU Council adopts measures for migration control

European Council addressed the implementation of its approach to migration, which combines more effective control of the EU’s external borders, increased external action and the internal aspects.

European Council notes that the number of detected illegal border crossings has been brought down to pre-crisis levels, and that the overall downward trend is continuing. This is the result of the external migration policy of the Union and its Member States, based, in particular, on control of the external borders, the fight against smugglers and cooperation with countries of origin and transit, which has been intensified in recent months. This policy should therefore be continued, further developed and fully implemented.

Vigilance on all existing and emerging routes should be maintained, in particular in view of recent increases on the Western and Eastern Mediterranean Routes.

As regards the internal policies, the European Council invites the co-legislators to rapidly conclude negotiations on the European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG).

It welcomes the agreement reached at the level of the Council on 6 December 2018 with regard to enhancing the EBCG’s mandate in the area of return and cooperation with third countries. It also calls for further efforts to conclude negotiations on the Return Directive, on the Asylum Agency and on all parts of the Common European Asylum System, respecting previous European Council conclusions and taking into account the varying degree of progress on each of these files.

 

Trump suggests illegal migrants return without trial

President Donald Trump said  that migrants who enter the United States illegally should be sent back immediately to where they came from without any judicial process, qualified as invaders who are trying to “break into” the country.

President also insisted that the migration system should be fair, based on merit and respect of law, and aiming to welcome people who will ‘Make America Great Again!”

The proposal got strong criticism of the Democrats favoring open door policy for migrants crossing Mexican border, insisting the right to asylum. However the defenders of President Trump view point out at abuse of asylum legislation, used as a cover for economic migrants to enter the country, claiming they are asylum-seekers.

Mexico is the leading  country of origin for most unauthorized immigrants to the USA, among 11  million illegal migrants.

In 2016, the Border Patrol apprehended 117,200 immigrants from Central America, almost one-third of all apprehensions border-wide–and 5,000 more than during the so-called surge of 2014. The agency also apprehended 5,000 Haitians.

“God didn’t create borders. We shouldn’t have a border,” – former Mexican President Vicente Fox said, during an interview on Fox News, discussing details of the White House’s latest  immigration proposal, which includes amnesty for 1.8 million illegal immigrants in exchange for Mexican border wall funding, an end to the visa lottery, and major revisions to chain migration.

Meanwhile Mexico’s economy, society and political system are built around the assumption that migration to the USA and amnesties for undocumented migrants will continue to ensure  $20 billion they send home every year.

Experts defending  President Trump position underline that asylum-seekers should not come to border crossing, but come to one of 10 U.S. Consulates in Mexico to introduce their request.

Map US Consulate Mexico

 

 

MEPs for reform of ‘Dublin’

The report on the reform of the Dublin system will be voted duing upcoming European Parliament plenary in Strasboug,

Since 2015 the EU has taken several measures to manage the migration crisis as well as to improve the asylum system. According to the latest Eurobarometer poll, 73% of Europeans still want the EU to do more to manage the situation. However, 58% of respondents think the EU’s actions regarding migration are inadequate, eight percentage points less than last year. Read on to discover what measures the European Parliament is working on.

Last December the civil liberties committee backed a proposal to strengthen the current European Asylum Support Office (EASO), which will become the EU Agency for Asylum, responsible for ensuring a sustainable and fair distribution of asylum applicants. The agency would help EU countries during crisis situations and monitor how national authorities apply EU legislation. Currently Parliament representatives are negotiating on the plans with the Council and the European Commission.

In March a draft report on the reform of the Dublin system was presented to the civil liberties committee. The aim is to address the weaknesses of the current asylum system and to determine which EU country is responsible for processing an asylum application. After all the amendments have been submitted, the committee will vote on the report and it will then be up to all MEPs to vote on it during a plenary session.

The committee also supported in April a report aiming to set EU-wide standards for the reception conditions of asylum seekers and to improve their integration prospects and self-sufficiency. MEPs will now vote on it during a plenary session before starting negotiations with the Council and the Commission.

 

The Eurobarometer survey was conducted among 27,901 people from all EU countrieson 18-27 March and was set up to be representative of the population as a whole.

 

Hungary for strict asylum rules

 

migrants-waitingSoon the Hungarian government will submit proposals to the EU to protect Europe’s borders by detaining asylum seekers for the entire period of their application procedure, according to the government’s chief spokesman, Zoltán Kovács.

Kovács claimed Donald Trump’s election in the US was contributing to “a change of mood in Europe” that vindicated the Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orbán’s tough stance of illiagal migration to Europe, he added that the Malta EU Informal Summit became a milesotne in the EU’s new vision of migration problem in the Mediterranean.

At a briefing in London, he said anyone seeking asylum through Hungary would be kept in shelters for the whole period of their application, though they would be free to return to their own country at any point.

“No migrants – not even those who have already issued their request for asylum – will be able move freely until there is a primary legal decision whether they are entitled for political asylum, refugee status or anything else, so they are not entitled to move freely in the country”, – concluded Zoltán Kovács.

EU Court refuses terrorist related asylum-seeker

terroristsToday the Court of Justice of the European Union – the highest justice instance – decided to reject the appeal of suspect in link to terrorist asylum claim.

The case of Moroccan national Mostafa Lounani, jailed for six years in Belgium for assisting in forging documents as part of a network sending volunteer jihadis to Iraq.

Lounani applied for refugee status because he feared persecution if he were returned to Morocco. The European Court of Justice ruled that even if someone is not involved in jihad personally or does not support terrorists directly,  asylum can be denied for indirect forms of assistance to fighters helping to recruit, organize or supply foreign fighters with equipment.

“…The Court notes, first, that it is clear from the file that Mr Lounani did not personally commit terrorist acts, or instigate such acts, or participate in their commission.

Nonetheless, the concept of ‘acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations’ is not confined to terrorist acts. The Court notes in particular that, in Resolution 2178 (2014), the United Nations Security Council expressed its ‘grave concern over the acute and growing threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters’ and its concern with regard to the international networks established by terrorist entities enabling them to move between States fighters of all nationalities and the resources to support them.

Consequently, application of the ground for exclusion of refugee status laid down in the directive cannot be confined to the actual perpetrators of terrorist acts, but can also extend to the persons who engage in activities of recruitment, organisation, transportation or equipment of individuals who travel to a State other than their States of residence or nationality for the purpose of, inter alia, the perpetration, planning or preparation of terrorist acts. The Court states that the final assessment of an application for international protection is the task of the competent national authorities, subject to review by the national courts.

However, the Court notes, among the factors to be taken into consideration, as stated by the Belgian Conseil d’État itself, that Mr Lounani was a member of the leadership of a terrorist group operating internationally which was registered, on 10 October 2002, on the United Nations list identifying certain individuals and entities that are subject to sanctions and which has continued to be named on that list, as updated since that date. His logistical support to the activities of that group has an international dimension in so far as he was involved in the forgery of passports and assisted volunteers who wanted to travel to Iraq. In the opinion of the Court, such acts can justify exclusion from refugee status.

Further, the fact that Mr Lounani was convicted of participation in the activities of a terrorist group and that conviction has become final is, in the context of the individual assessment that must be undertaken by the competent authority, of particular importance”.  Court of Justice of the European Union

 

Belarus poltician slams EU relocation deal

yanukevich
The leader of Belarus National Front party (BNF) Alexei Yanukevich swiftly commented on plans of the Belarussian authorities to co-operate with the EU on migrants relocation. A year ago the BNF vocally protested against the possible arriving of refugees to Bearus relaxing the overflow to Europe.
“We will monitor the situation”, – ensured Yanukevich, pointing out to many unknown details of the deal, reportedly concluded between the European Commission and Belarus government. In first place, if there are relocation plans for refugees already registered in EU countries, these plans are neither compliant with human rights no ‘interests of Belarus people’.
However is these deals are targeting asylum-seekers who come directly to Belarus to apply for status there, it is a different situation. Belarus is able to provide some aid to a number of refugees, but within ‘reasonable range’.
Yanukevich criticised the EU institutions for the lack of transparency, and almost ‘secrecy’ in communicating these socially significant information to Belarus people.
The vivid discussion of possible relocation of migrants from EU countries – Greece and Italy in first place – started after publications, claiming such a deal between parties has been already concluded. Till recent the Eastern European EU member states were reluctant to offer hospitality to migrants coming in increasing numbers, provoking a political crisis in many European countries. More than one million migrants came to EU by land and by sea in 2016, the solution of the problem has not been found yet.
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