A meeting of the Joint Commission of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) will take place in Vienna on 26 February. (Image: illustration)
The Joint Commission will be chaired on behalf of the EU High Representative Josep Borrell Fontelles by EEAS Secretary General Helga Maria Schmid and will be attended by representatives of China, France, Germany, Russia, United Kingdom and Iran.
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has dismissed a proposal for a new nuclear deal proposed by the U.S.President Trump to replace the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement, saying the accord is not previous US president Barack Obama’s deal to expire.
“We did not sign an “Obama deal” to go for a “Trump deal” now. Even if we did, who’s to say we won’t need Biden, Sanders or Warren deal next year?” Zarif said in a tweet on referring to American nominees competing against Trump in the 2020 presidential race.
Zarif added that Iran believed in diplomacy “but not in re-negotiating a UNSC Resolution we agreed on with six Governments and the EU.”
“JCPOA remains a topical issue despite all the challenges. We advocate its purposeful and comprehensive implementation under the parameters that were coordinated during the conclusion of the agreements in 2015 and formalised in UNSC Resolution 2231″ Russian Foreign Affairs stated on their Twitter microblog.
On the margins of the multilateral conference in New Delhi, the EU top diplomat Josep Borrell met with the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Mohammad Javad Zarif. For Borrell it was the first meeting with Zarif in his EU High Representative capacity on Thursday, 16 January 2020 in New Delhi.
In a frank dialogue, they discussed the latest developments around the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Josep Borrell underlined the continued interest of the European Union to preserve the agreement, which is now more important than ever, in light of the dangerous escalations in the Middle East and the Gulf region.
Both partners agreed to remain in close touch and continue their engagement in the coming weeks.
High Representative Borrell and Minister Zarif met in the Indian capital on the margins of the Raisina Dialogue 2020, which is a multilateral conference committed to addressing the most challenging issues facing the global community.
Their meeting follows a series of contacts they had since the start of the current crisis on 3 January.
The EU foreign ministers confirmed the intention to preserve the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), known as nuclear deal, with Iran. We regret American decision to withdraw from JCPoA and I can not exclude that out attempts to preserve it will fail, but today Council was unanimous to do maximum to keep it, the EU top diplomat Josep Borrell said.
Borrell underlined the importance of the nuclear deal for the non-proliferation, pointing that without it Tehran would have had a nuclear weapons by now.
In an attempt to save the Iran nuclear deal Borrell invited his Iranian counterpart Javad Zarif to Brussels.
EU diplomat regretted Tehran’s latest announcement to stop abiding to the deal and promised to keep working with all participants involved to find a diplomatic solution.
On the Iran issue the diplomats had discussions with the Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg, who has been invited to attend the Council. Borrell had also informed the Member States about the conversations he had with the Secretary of State of the United States Mike Pompeo, with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iran Mohammad Javad Zarif .
“We are also committed to preserving the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Without the JCPOA, Iran would be a nuclear power today. Thanks to this deal, Iran is not a nuclear power. We strongly believe that it is in our interest to preserve the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action as far as we can. We have been saying in the past and we continue saying that we regret the United States decision to withdraw from the deal. We continue believing that this deal is a key element of the global nuclear non-proliferation architecture and critical for the regional stability,” Borrell said.
“We call on Iran to go back to full compliance to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action without delay and we rely on the International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA] to continue monitoring and verifying Iran’s [nuclear] activities. We strongly believe in the capacity of the IAEA to be able to monitor all Iranian activities on the nuclear field.”
“We had unanimity among Member States on the need to, on the one side, make the instrument we have put in place – INSTEX (the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges) – faster and more operational to have legitimate trade with Iran. A number of Member States have shown their willingness to become shareholders of this instrument and there is also the possibility for non-Member States to join. And on the other hand], to continue working for Iran’s return to full compliance with the nuclear deal. We will continue to work within the framework of the #JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) on both these tracks of work” – the EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini said following the Foreign Affairs Council in Brussels.
“I just came back from the region, and I have seen that everybody is very much aware of the need to have the #JCPOA fully in place and to have Iran fully compliant with its nuclear commitments, as it has been since the beginning until a few weeks ago” – she added.
The same day spokesperson of the Foreign Ministry of Iran spokesman Abbas Mousavi commented on the EU efforts to keep the JCPOA deal alive. “Iran’s expectations of European partners in the JCPOA is the adoption of operational, effective and responsible decisions and steps,” Mousavi said July 15.
Today in Brussels EU Foreign ministers discuss Iran in light of the recent developments concerning the nuclear deal, (JCPOA). The discussion follows the meeting of the Joint Commission on 28 June and the recent announcements by Tehran on the JCPOA.
The Foreign Ministers of France, Germany, and the United Kingdom and the EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini have already expressed deep concern over Iran pursuing activities inconsistent with its commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA).
The leaders of France, Germany and the United Kingdom, sharing common security interests, in particular upholding the non-proliferation regime, recalled their continuing commitment to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) that was agreed upon four years ago with Iran, on 14 July 2015.
The EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini reiterated the EU support for Iran nuclear deal, underlining the necessity of preserving it. Previously the EU diplomats went on mission to Tehran to discuss the current EU efforts, together with other European partners, to enable the continuation of legitimate trade with Iran, including through the launching of the special purpose vehicle “INSTEX“.
Behrooz Kamalvandi, the spokesman of Iran‘s Atomic Energy Organization announced Tehran would increase low-enriched uranium stockpile by fourfold in 10 days, exceeding the 300 km limit set by the #JCPOA. The EU has very little time to save the historic deal, however as soon as the Europeans fulfill their commitments, Tehran would stick to the agreed uranium production limit, the spokesperson added.